Phytofiltration of hazardous cadmium, chromium, lead and zinc ions by biomass of Medicago sativa (Alfalfa)

JL Gardea-Torresdey, JH Gonzalez, KJ Tiemann, O Rodriguez, Gerardo Gamez Goytia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous laboratory batch experiments of Medicago sativa (Alfalfa) indicated that the African shoots population had an appreciable ability to bind copper(II) and nickel(II) ions from aqueous solution. Batch laboratory pH profile, time dependency and capacity experiments were performed to determine the binding ability of the African shoots for cadmium(II), chromium(III), chromium(VI), lead(II), and zinc(II). Batch pH profile experiments for the mentioned ions indicated that the optimum pH for metal binding is approximately 5.0. Time dependency experiments for all the metals studied showed that metal binding to the African alfalfa shoots occurred within 5 min. Binding capacity experiments revealed the following amounts of metal ions bound per gram of biomass: 7.1 mg Cd(II), 7.7 mg Cr(III), 43 mg Pb(II), and 4.9 mg Zn(II). However, no binding occurred for chromium(VI). Nearly all of the metals studied were recoverable by treatment with 0.1 M HCl. Column experiments were performed to stud
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-39
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
StatePublished - Jan 1998

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Phytofiltration of hazardous cadmium, chromium, lead and zinc ions by biomass of Medicago sativa (Alfalfa)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this