Metabolite proﬁling and biological activity are reported from organic and aqueous extracts of the fruit from the desert palm Hyphaene thebaica. Phenolics and oxylipids proﬁles were determined using UPLC-PDA-TOF (ultra performance-photodiode array-time of ﬂight) high-resolution mass spectrometry in order to obtain the molecular formula and exact mass. Under optimized conditions, 17 compounds were simultaneously identiﬁed and quantiﬁed including 2 cinnamic acid derivatives, 5 ﬂavonoids, 6 fatty acids, 2 sphingolipids, a lignan, and a stilbene. Sugars composition in the fruit was characterized and quantiﬁed by H-NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) with sucrose detected as the major component in fruit at a level of 219 mg/g. Fruit organic extracts anti-inﬂammatory potential was assessed in vitro by cyclooxygenase-1 enzyme inhibition.
|Journal||Journal of Food Science|
|State||Published - Jul 31 2013|