Physical aging of polystyrene: volume and enthalpy recovery

Sindee L. Simon, Donald J. Plazek, Brant J. Harper, Thomas Holden

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Volume and enthalpy recovery measurements have been performed to study the physical aging behavior of a polystyrene using capillary dilatometry and differential scanning calorimetry, respectively. Isothermal aging temperatures from 94 to 100°C were studied with aging times ranging up to several days. The volume decreases during physical aging and levels off at equilibrium. Analogously, the difference between the enthalpy of aged and unaged DSC curves increases and levels off at equilibrium. For comparison purposes, both sets of data are normalized to yield the departure from equilibrium which varies from unity at very short aging times to zero when equilibrium is reached. It appears that both volume and enthalpy come into equilibrium at the same time at 97°C. However, the approach to equilibrium differs, with volume recovery being faster than the enthalpy recovery at short times.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-335
Number of pages2
JournalPolymeric Materials Science and Engineering, Proceedings of the ACS Division of Polymeric Materials Science and Engineering
Volume76
StatePublished - 1997
EventProceedings of the 1997 Spring ACS Meeting - San Francisco, CA, USA
Duration: Apr 13 1997Apr 17 1997

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