Physical aging of polyetherimide: enthalpy, volume, and creep measurements

S. L. Simon, D. J. Plazek

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Enthalpy, volume, and creep recovery measurements were used to study the physical aging behavior of a polyetherimide. Isothermal aging temperatures near Tg were studied with aging times ranging from 20 minutes to several days. Enthalpy and volume decrease during physical aging and level off at equilibrium, whereas creep curves are shifted to longer times during physical aging and become independent of aging time at equilibrium. For comparison purposes, the enthalpy and volume data are normalized to yield the departure from equilibrium which varies from unity at very short aging times to zero when equilibrium is reached. As the aging temperature decreases, the normalized curves are shifted to longer times without a significant change in shape, and thus, were reduced by aging time-temperature superposition. The shape of the reduced enthalpy and volume recovery curves appear to be different, with volume recovery being faster at short times. However, the two properties reach equilibrium at the same time within the accuracy of the measurements. The creep data was reduced by aging time-time and aging time-temperature superposition, and the times required to reach equilibrium for creep also agree within experimental error with those for enthalpy and volume.

Original languageEnglish
PagesP6
StatePublished - 1996
EventProceedings of the 1996 Regional Technical Conference on Durability , Weatherability, and Aging of Plastics & Rubber - Akron, OH, USA
Duration: Oct 28 1996Oct 29 1996

Conference

ConferenceProceedings of the 1996 Regional Technical Conference on Durability , Weatherability, and Aging of Plastics & Rubber
CityAkron, OH, USA
Period10/28/9610/29/96

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