Perspectives on the theory of defects

Jürgen Spitaler, Stefan K. Estreicher

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our understanding of defects in materials science has changed tremendously over the last century. While 100 years ago they were often ignored by scientists, nowadays they are in the spotlight of scientific interest and whole branches of technology have emerged from their skillful handling. The first part of this article gives a historical overview and discusses why defects are so important for modern material science. In the second part, we review the treatment of defects in semiconductors. We start by explaining the assumptions and approximations involved in ab-initio calculations and then discuss the treatment of defects in semiconductors. In the third part, we focus on defects in metals. We discuss the theoretical treatment of vacancies starting from experimental findings. The impact of improved theoretical techniques on the predictive power is discussed. This is illustrated with the role of vacancies in intermetallic compounds and random alloys. The last section deals with dislocations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number70
JournalFrontiers in Materials
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 20 2018

Keywords

  • Defects in materials
  • First-principles theory
  • Metals and alloys
  • Review
  • Semiconductors

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