The fidelity of the reconstructed image in an image coding/decoding scheme and the lowest transmission bit rate from rate-distortion theory can be predicted provided the image statistics are known. Currently popular subband image coding assumes Gaussian source with memory for optimal performance. However, most images do not follow the ideal distribution. The advantage of subband coding lies in the fact that the wavelet coefficients in decomposed subimages have probability distribution functions (pdf's) that can be modeled as a generalized Gaussian when proper parameters are chosen experimentally. However, the filter length chosen for digital implementation of a specific wavelet is crucial in shaping the pdf characteristics and hence in the ability to predict the achievable bit rate at minimum distortion in a quantization scheme. We have analyzed the pdf's of a number of wavelets and chosen filter lengths providing the best fit to a generalized Gaussian distribution for encoding an image by vector quantization of multiresolution wavelet subimages using an adaptive clustering. Our results demonstrate that the performance of the adaptive vector quantizer improves significantly when wavelet filter lengths are chosen to fit the generalized Gaussian distribution.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering|
|State||Published - 1998|
|Event||Medical Imaging 1998: Image Processing - San Diego, CA, United States|
Duration: Feb 23 1998 → Feb 23 1998