Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) — Fibrous substrates

Ashley Newland, Mirza Mohammad Omar Khyum, Jan Halamek, Seshadri Ramkumar

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle


Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been implemented during the finishing process of textiles such as upholstery, clothing, personal protective equipment, and sports gear to provide water resistance. Currently, PFAS are still present at quantifiable levels in consumer products and food, even though many companies have started to phase out PFAS treatment with non-toxic water repellant replacements given the possible detrimental health effects suggested by current research. This paper is a detailed review that focuses on how PFAS are implemented in textile production and sources of PFAS contamination during chemical treatments. This review also addresses current legislation on PFAS emissions and trade regulations to decrease exposure of consumers due to toxicokinetics and mechanisms of action through-out the body that are still not well understood. This paper includes a literature review on possible PFAS related health conditions shown from past research and contains suggested toxicity levels, exposure routes, duration, and pathways detailed to the best of our ability. Application: This paper provides a comprehensive review of the use of PFAS in textile production, the sources of PFAS contamination, current legislation on PFAS emissions, and potential health effects associated with PFAS exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
Specialist publicationTappi Journal
StatePublished - Sep 2023


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