Perceptions of Safety in Intimate Relationships: Group Differences Based on Gender and Setting

David Servino, Douglas B. Smith, Robert D. Porter, Matthew D. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Intimate partner violence continues to be prevalent, resulting in negative consequences for the individuals involved and for society as a whole. Perceptions of safety in relationships where intimate partner violence is present is an understudied topic in the literature. The Safety Assessment of Future Events Scale (SAFE) was developed to assess respondents' perceptions of safety in their intimate relationship. The purpose of this study was to examine whether group differences existed on respondents' SAFE scores. 428 participants from community and clinic samples completed the SAFE and other measures contained in a southwest university's marriage and family therapy clinic intake packet. ANCOVA was used to control for gender and setting in determining if group differences existed on the SAFE based on measures assessing interpersonal violence, relational adjustment, intrapersonal symptoms, and PTSD symptoms. Results indicated group differences based on gender, interpersonal violence victimization, and relational adjustment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-438
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Family Violence
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 2011


  • Intimate partner violence
  • Perceptions of safety
  • Relationships
  • Safety assessment of future events scale


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