Overcoming "man pride:" Redefining masculinity with Mexican American men on federal probation

George Bitar, Thomas G. Kimball, Robert Gee, J. Maria Bermúdez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Few researchers have examined issues at the intersection of the criminal justice system, gender, ethnicity, and the treatment of behavioral health issues. Utilizing a phenomenological approach, this study examines perceptions, attitudes, and experiences related to the masculinity of Mexican American men who are on federal probation. Several participants described a process of moving away from behaviors characteristic of negative conceptions of masculinity toward more positive conceptions and subsequent behaviors. Several participants also described how family provided motivation to change. Suggestions are provided for addressing gender in therapy with this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-45
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Feminist Family Therapy
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2008


  • Colaizzi
  • Criminal justice system
  • Hispanic men
  • Machismo
  • Masculinity
  • Mexican American men
  • Phenomenology
  • Probation
  • Qualitative research


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