Osteogenesis inducers promote distinct biological responses in aortic and mitral valve interstitial cells

Xinmei Wang, Mir S. Ali, Carla M.R. Lacerda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Both aortic and mitral valves calcify in pathological conditions; however, the prevalence of aortic valve calcification is high whereas mitral valve leaflet calcification is somewhat rare. Patterns of valvular calcification may differ due to valvular architecture, but little is known to that effect. In this study, we investigated the intrinsic osteogenic differentiation potential of aortic versus mitral valve interstitial cells provided minimal differentiation conditions. For the assessment of calcification at the cellular level, we used classic inducers of osteogenesis in stem cells: β-glycerophosphate (β-Gly), dexamethasone (Dex), and ascorbate (Asc). In addition to proteomic analyses, osteogenic markers and calcium precipitates were evaluated across treatments of aortic and mitral valve cells. The combination of β-Gly, Asc, and Dex induced aortic valve interstitial cells to synthesize extracellular matrix, overexpress osteoblastic markers, and deposit calcium. However, no strong evidence showed the calcification of mitral valve interstitial cells. Mitral cells mainly responded to Asc and Dex by cell activation. These findings provide a deeper understanding of the physiological properties of aortic and mitral valves and tendencies for calcific changes within each valve type, contributing to the development of future therapeutics for heart valve diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11158-11171
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume120
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019

Keywords

  • aortic valve
  • calcification
  • mitral valve
  • osteogenesis
  • quantitative proteomics
  • valvular interstitial cells

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