Origin of the divergence of the timescales for volume and enthalpy recovery

Prashanth Badrinarayanan, Sindee L. Simon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although the relationship between the relaxation timescales of thermodynamic, mechanical, viscoelastic, and dielectric properties in amorphous materials has been studied extensively, no general consensus has been reached. In this work, we examine the relationship between the timescales of volume and enthalpy relaxation for polystyrene using the cooling rate dependence of the glass transition temperature (Tg) obtained from capillary dilatometry and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Our analysis suggests that both volume and enthalpy exhibit similar relaxation timescales at temperatures above and below Tg. The divergence of the times required to reach equilibrium noted in the literature at temperatures several degrees below the nominal Tg is attributed to the effects of nonlinearity. The relationship between nonlinearity and dynamic heterogeneity is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1464-1470
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer
Volume48
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 8 2007

Keywords

  • Glass transition
  • Relaxation timescales
  • Structural recovery

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