Organized motions in a fully developed turbulent axisymmetric jet

Jin Tso, Fazle Hussain

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90 Scopus citations


An experiment has been conducted to study the occurrence, configuration and dynamics of large-scale coherent vortical motions in the fully developed region of a turbulent axisymmetric jet. The key idea is to use vorticity signals from a spatial grid to detect and sample large-scale vortical structures and then use the (smoothed) vorticity peaks of spatial vorticity patterns to align and ensemble average successive realizations to determine structure configuration and dynamics. Measurements were made in an air jet at ReD = 69000 by employing a radial rake of seven x-wires-wires to obtain the azimuthal vorticity map. Two additional conditioning probes were placed ±90° away from the rake to determine the three-dimensional phase and hence the structure configuration. Structures with axisymmetric, helical and double helical configurations have been educed. Among them, the helical structures are far more dominant than the others, and the jet dynamics are thus discussed in terms of these helical structures. Helical structures move radially outward as they advect downstream. This radial movement, in conjunction with simultaneous local ejection of turbulent fluid and subsequent entrainment of the ejected fluid with ambient fluid, appears to be a major means of jet spreading. The shear strain rate is strong on the downstream side of the structure, causing intense small-scale turbulence production and mixing there.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-448
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Issue number425
StatePublished - Jun 1989


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