Organizational diversity programs across cultures: effects on absenteeism, turnover, performance and innovation

Hilla Peretz, Ariel Levi, Yitzhak Fried

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined data from over 5000 organizations in 22 countries to address three complementary issues: (1) the influence of national culture on the adoption of diversity programs aimed at recruiting, training and promoting individuals from specific target groups; (2) the moderating effect of national cultural practices on the relationship between these diversity programs and the organizational outcomes of absenteeism and turnover; and (3) the mediating effect of absenteeism and turnover on the relationship between diversity programs and organizational performance and innovation. National cultural values and practices were taken from the GLOBE study and assigned respectively to the organizations in our sample. A multilevel path analysis supported the hypothesized effects of national cultural values on organizational diversity programs. Moreover, cultural practices were found to moderate the relationship between diversity programs and absenteeism and turnover. Our hypotheses on the role of absenteeism and turnover as mediators of the relationship between diversity programs and organizational performance and innovation were also supported. Our findings may help guide managers' decisions on the adoption of diversity programs in units operating in different national cultures. We discuss the implications of our findings for scholars and practitioners concerned with diversity management issues in a global context.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)875-903
Number of pages29
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 26 2015

Keywords

  • GLOBE dimensions
  • absenteeism
  • diversity programs
  • international HRM
  • national culture
  • turnover

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