Enteric disease and immune challenge are processes that have detrimental effects on the growth performance of young swine. The current study tested the hypothesis that salmonella-induced enteric disease would perturb the endocrine growth axis in a serovar-dependent fashion. Specifically, we evaluated the effects of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (Typhimurium) and serovar Choleraesuis (Cholerae-suis) on critical regulatory components of growth in young swine. Weaned pigs were housed 2 per pen with ad libitum access to feed and water in a 14-d experiment. Pigs were then repeatedly fed 108 cfu of either Choleraesuis or Typhimurium in dough balls, with control pigs receiving dough without bacteria. Bacteria were refed twice weekly. Rectal temperatures were monitored daily from d 0 to 7 and ADFI was measured through d 14. Pigs were weighed and samples of serum were obtained for circulating IGF-I on d 0, 7, and 14. At the conclusion of the study, samples of semitendinosus muscle and liver were obtained and subsequently assayed for IGF-I, IGFBP-3, and IGFBP-5 mRNA. Rectal temperatures were elevated in pigs given Choleraesuis from d 2 through 7 (P < 0.05) when compared with control pigs and pigs fed Typhimurium. Pigs receiving Choleraesuis had a substantially decreased feed intake on d 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, and 10 (P < 0.01), with a trend for a reduction on d 5 (P = 0.08), and they experienced an approximately 25% reduction in BW compared with control pigs and pigs given Typhimurium by the conclusion of the study. Pigs given Choleraesuis also experienced marked reductions in circulating IGF-I on d 7 (P < 0.01 vs. control and Typhimurium), with reductions of lesser magnitude on d 14 (P = 0.07 vs. control and P < 0.05 vs. Typhimurium). Inoculation tended to affect liver IGFBP-3 mRNA (P = 0.08), for which expression tended to be elevated in pigs given Typhimurium and Choleraesuis. In contrast, IGFBP-3 mRNA relative abundance was increased (P < 0.03) in pigs given Typhimurium compared with control pigs. Muscle IGF-I mRNA was reduced in pigs given Choleraesuis compared with control pigs and pigs given Typhimurium (P < 0.05). Treatment tended to affect muscle IGFBP-3 mRNA (P = 0.10). Oral inoculation of growing pigs with Choleraesuis disrupted feed intake and BW gain, and this was accompanied by decreases in circulating IGF-I and reduced muscle expression of mRNA for IGF-I and IGFBP-3.
- Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3
- Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-5
- Insulin-like growth factor-I