Optimized Radio Follow-up of Binary Neutron-star Mergers

Dario Carbone, Alessandra Corsi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Motivated by the recent discovery of the binary neutron-star (BNS) merger GW170817, we determine the optimal observational setup for detecting and characterizing radio counterparts of nearby (d L ∼ 40 Mpc) BNS mergers. We simulate GW170817-like radio transients, and radio afterglows generated by fast jets with isotropic energy erg, expanding in a low-density interstellar medium (ISM; cm-3), observed from different viewing angles (from slightly off-axis to largely off-axis). We then determine the optimal timing of GHz radio observations following the precise localization of the BNS radio counterpart candidate, assuming a sensitivity comparable to that of the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array. The optimization is done so as to ensure that properties such as viewing angle and circumstellar density can be correctly reconstructed with the minimum number of observations. We show that radio is the optimal band to explore the fastest ejecta from BNSs in the low-density ISM, since the optical emission is likely to be dominated by the so-called "kilonova" component, while X-rays from the jet are detectable only for a small subset of the BNS models considered here. Finally, we discuss how future radio arrays like the next-generation VLA would improve the detectability of BNS mergers with physical parameters similar to those explored here.

Original languageEnglish
Article number135
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume867
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 10 2018

Keywords

  • gravitational waves
  • methods: numerical
  • methods: statistical
  • surveys

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