Optimization of operating conditions for the determination of perchlorate in biological samples using preconcentration/preelution ion chromatography

Jaclyn E. Cañas, Qiuqiong Cheng, Kang Tian, Todd A. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Perchlorate originates as a contaminant in the environment from the use of salts in the manufacture of solid rocket fuels and munitions. Monitoring potential perchlorate contamination in the environment is of interest, however, very few analytical methods have been developed for perchlorate determination in biological samples. Analysis of complex samples by ion chromatography is complicated by matrix components that can interfere with perchlorate determination. However, a recently developed preconcentration/preelution (PC/PE) ion chromatography method has demonstrated the capability to analyze certain complex samples such as high salinity water, milk, and hydroponic fertilizers. The ability of this method to reduce sample background and lower detection limits in ion chromatography for various biological samples was evaluated in this study. The PC/PE method was applicable to the analysis of kidneys, livers, zebrafish, quail eggs, lettuce, and urine. Optimal operating conditions were determined for each matrix. Ranges of optimal wash volumes were shorter when 15 mM NaOH prewash solutions were used compared with 10 mM and good recovery was achieved for most matrices with an injection period ≥60 s. Prewash solution concentration did not appear to significantly affect matrix background. The PC/PE method was capable of reducing sample background when compared to EPA Method 314.0, which resulted in detection limits, with the exception of zebrafish and urine, that were two-fold lower than those achieved with EPA Method 314.0.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-109
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume1103
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2006

Keywords

  • Biological samples
  • Complex matrices
  • Ion chromatography
  • Perchlorate
  • Preconcentration

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