Optimal design of slit impeller for low specific speed centrifugal pump based on orthogonal test

Yang Yang, Ling Zhou, Hongtao Zhou, Wanning Lv, Jian Wang, Weidong Shi, Zhaoming He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Marine centrifugal pumps are mostly used on board ship, for transferring liquid from one point to another. Based on the combination of orthogonal testing and numerical simulation, this paper optimizes the structure of a drainage trough for a typical low-specific speed centrifugal pump, determines the priority of the various geometric factors of the drainage trough on the pump performance, and obtains the optimal impeller drainage trough scheme. The influence of drainage tank structure on the internal flow of a low-specific speed centrifugal pump is also analyzed. First, based on the experimental validation of the initial model, it is determined that the numerical simulation method used in this paper is highly accurate in predicting the performance of low-specific speed centrifugal pumps. Secondly, based on the three factors and four levels of the impeller drainage trough in the orthogonal test, the orthogonal test plan is determined and the orthogonal test results are analyzed. This work found that slit diameter and slit width have a large impact on the performance of low-specific speed centrifugal pumps, while long and short vane lap lengths have less impact. Finally, we compared the internal flow distribution between the initial model and the optimized model, and found that the slit structure could effectively reduce the pressure difference between the suction side and the pressure side of the blade. By weakening the large-scale vortex in the flow path and reducing the hydraulic losses, the drainage trough impellers obtained based on orthogonal tests can significantly improve the hydraulic efficiency of low-specific speed centrifugal pumps.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2021


  • Centrifugal pump
  • Gap drainage
  • Low specific speed
  • Numerical simulation
  • Unsteady flow


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