Optical Properties of Aeolian Dusts Common to West Texas

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Abstract

Abstract: Both recent models and historical events such as the Dust Bowl and volcanic eruptions have illustrated aerosols can play a significant role in climate change through direct and indirect optical effects. Soil dust aerosols generated by Aeolian processes represent a significant fraction of the total mass burden of atmospheric particles. Central to a better understanding of the climate effects of dust aerosols is knowledge of their optical properties. This research study utilized a dust generator and several instruments to determine certain optical properties of Aeolian dust mimics created by the Amarillo and Pullman soil types native to the panhandle of Texas, USA. Values for the mass-extinction coefficient ranged between 1.74 m²/g and 2.97 m²/g at 522 nm depending on how mass concentration was determined. Single-scatter albedo (SSA) for both soil types ranged from 0.947 - 0.980 at visible wavelengths with SSA increasing at longer wavelengths. Angstrom absorption exponents wer
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-242
JournalAeolian Research
StatePublished - Nov 2011

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