Optical phonons in twisted bilayer graphene with gate-induced asymmetric doping

Ting Fung Chung, Rui He, Tai Lung Wu, Yong P. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Twisted bilayer graphene (tBLG) devices with ion gel gate dielectrics are studied using Raman spectroscopy in the twist angle regime where a resonantly enhanced G band can be observed. We observe prominent splitting and intensity quenching on the G Raman band when the carrier density is tuned away from charge neutrality. This G peak splitting is attributed to asymmetric charge doping in the two graphene layers, which reveals individual phonon self-energy renormalization of the two weakly coupled layers of graphene. We estimate the effective interlayer capacitance at low doping density of tBLG using an interlayer screening model. The anomalous intensity quenching of both G peaks is ascribed to the suppression of resonant interband transitions between the two saddle points (van Hove singularities) that are displaced in the momentum space by gate-tuning. In addition, we observe a softening (hardening) of the R Raman band, a superlattice-induced phonon mode in tBLG, in electron (hole) doping. Our results demonstrate that gate modulation can be used to control the optoelectronic and vibrational properties in tBLG devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1203-1210
Number of pages8
JournalNano Letters
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 11 2015


  • Raman
  • Twisted bilayer graphene
  • gating
  • interlayer screening


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