Open-tubular capillary cell affinity chromatography: Single and tandem blood cell separation

Kelong Wang, Molly K. Marshall, Griselda Garza, Dimitri Pappas

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39 Scopus citations


In this paper, an open-tubular capillary cell affinity chromatography (OT-CAC) method to enrich and separate target cells is described. Open tubular capillaries coated with anti-CD4, anti-CD14, or anti-CD19 antibodies were used as affinity chromatography columns to separate target blood cells. Cells were eluted using either shear force or bubbles. Bubbles were used to elute the captured cells without diluting the captured cells appreciably, while maintaining viability (the viability of the recovered cells was 85.83 ± 7.34%; the viability of the cells was 90.41 ± 3.49% before separation). Several aspects of the OT-CAC method were studied, such as the affinity of one antibody between two different cell lines, the effect of shear force, and the recovery of captured cells. Single-and multicell type separations were demonstrated by isolating CD4+ cells with antiCD4 coated capillary and isolating CD4+ and CD19+ cells with two capillaries in tandem from blood samples. In the one cell type isolation test, an average of 87.7% of the recovered cells from antiCD4 capillary were lymphocytes and an average of 97.7% of those lymphocytes were CD4+ cells. In the original blood sample, only 14.2% of the leukocytes were CD4+ cells. Two capillary columns were also run in tandem, separating two blood cell types from a single sample with high purity. The use of different elution shear forces was demonstrated to selectively elute one cell type. This method is an inexpensive, rapid, and effective method to separate target cells from blood samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2118-2124
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 15 2008


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