Occupational exposures among domestic and industrial professional cleaners

Ahmed A. Arif, Patrick C. Hughes, George L. Delclos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Background: Despite being a large part of the workforce, cleaners remain a relatively understudied occupational group in the USA. Aims The aims of this focus group study were to identify and characterize occupational exposures, symptoms and job tasks among domestic and industrial professional cleaners. Methods: Twelve focus group sessions were conducted in Lubbock, TX, and Houston, TX. Participants were asked about their job tasks, type of products they use to clean, bodily symptoms, job training and work environment. Results: Out of 99 attendees, 79 domestic and industrial cleaners participated actively in the focus group sessions. Three general themes emerged regarding cleaning professionals' work experiences: (i) job training, (ii) chemical exposure and use and (iii) competence. Domestic cleaners demonstrated significant skills deficit across each of these three themes as compared to industrial cleaners. Domestic cleaners reported more frequent exposure to respiratory irritants and sensitizers and also reported adverse respiratory symptoms as compared to industrial cleaners. Conclusions: The results from this qualitative study are consistent with earlier findings from quantitative studies placing domestic cleaners at risk of exposure to chemicals that are respiratory irritants and/or sensitizers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)458-463
Number of pages6
JournalOccupational Medicine
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 2008


  • Cleaners
  • Focus group
  • Janitors
  • Occupational asthmagens
  • Occupational health


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