Nutritional status and food consumption patterns of primary school children in Orange Farm

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Abstract

South Africa is regarded as food secure; however, food insecurity and malnutrition are still affecting school-aged children residing mostly in rural areas. This paper reports the nutritional status and consumption patterns of school children from two purposively selected schools located in Orange Farm informal settlement. Data collection methods included socio-demographic background, dietary intakes, anthropometric measurements as well as haematology and biochemical measurements. A socio-demographic questionnaire was used to assess the socio-economic background of the households and a health questionnaire to determine the health background of the caregivers, while a Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (QFFQ) and 24-hour recall were used to determine dietary intake patterns. Anthropometric measurements were obtained in order to find out the prevalence of nutritional status (underweight, wasting and stunting). Haematology and biochemical data collected were used to determine the i
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21
JournalAfrican Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development
StatePublished - Mar 22 2017

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