Nutrients and Immunometabolism: Role of Macrophage NLRP3

Kate J. Claycombe-Larson, Travis Alvine, Dayong Wu, Nishan S. Kalupahana, Naima Moustaid-Moussa, James N. Roemmich

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inflammation is largely mediated by immune cells responding to invading pathogens, whereas metabolism is oriented toward producing usable energy for vital cell functions. Immunometabolic alterations are considered key determinants of chronic inflammation, which leads to the development of chronic diseases. Studies have demonstrated that macrophages and the NOD-, LRR-, and pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome are activated in key metabolic tissues to contribute to increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus, Alzheimer disease, and liver diseases. Thus, understanding the tissue-/cell-type-specific regulation of the NLRP3 inflammasome is crucial for developing intervention strategies. Currently, most of the nutrients and bioactive compounds tested to determine their inflammation-reducing effects are limited to animal models. Future studies need to address how dietary compounds regulate immune and metabolic cell reprograming in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1693-1704
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume150
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

Keywords

  • NLRP3 inflammasome
  • anti-inflammatory nutrients
  • immunometabolism
  • inflammation
  • macrophage

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