Numerical investigation of the effects of base slant on the wake pattern and drag of three-dimensional bluff bodies with a rear blunt end

Chee Chok, Siva Parameswaran, Richard Sun, Mark Gleason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

A computational model has been developed to help the automotive design engineer to optimize the body shape with minimum wind tunnel testing. Unsteady, Reynolds-averaged, Navier-Stokes equations have been solved numerically by a finite-volume method and have been applied to study the flow around Ahmed's vehicle-like body. The standard k-ε model has been employed to model the turbulence in the flow. The finite volume equations have been formulated in a strong conservative form on a three-dimensional, unstructured grid system. The resulting equations have been solved then by an implicit, time marching pressure-correction based algorithm. The steady state solution has been obtained by taking sufficient time steps until the flow field ceases to change with time within a prescribed tolerance. For the pressure-correction equation, a preconditioned conjugate gradient method has been employed to obtain the solution. Most of the essential features of the flow field around a bluff body in ground proximity, such as the formation of trailing vortices and the reverse flow region resulting from separation, could be well predicted. In addition, the variation of the drag coefficient with the back slant angle agreed reasonably well with the experimentally observed values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-285
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1994

Keywords

  • 3D bluff bodies
  • Base slant
  • Computational model
  • Drag
  • Finite volume equations
  • Navier-Stokes equations
  • Numerical investigation
  • Pressure-correction equation
  • Wake pattern
  • k-ε

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