As a reliable indicator for individual's healthiness conditions, heart rate (HR) has been widely considered and used. Imaging photoplethysmography (iPPG) is recently highlighted as a promising HR measurement method, due to its non-contact characteristics, by extracting the HR from facial video recordings. In this study, we propose a camera-based HR monitoring technique that estimates HR information from iPPG signals extracted from a video sequence. Videos were recorded using a smartphone or a laptop camera. We adopted the plane-orthogonal-to-skin (POS) method to compute iPPG. The proposed method is evaluated by applying it to extract HR of 9 subjects at rest and during two motion conditions (lateral and frontal) while they were performing several respiratory maneuvers-spontaneous, metronome, and forced. Automatic face detection algorithms were implemented in the proposed method. Our experimental results show that mean values of HR have 0.56% error and 99.4% accuracy when compared to HR calculated from the gold-standard electrocardiography (ECG) reference in diverse conditions of motions and respiratory maneuvers.
- Breathing maneuvers
- biomedical monit-oring
- heart rate and variability
- imaging photoplet-hysmography