Next-generation tools to control biting midge populations and reduce pathogen transmission

Phillip Shults, Lee W. Cohnstaedt, Zach N. Adelman, Corey Brelsfoard

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Biting midges of the genus Culicoides transmit disease-causing agents resulting in a significant economic impact on livestock industries in many parts of the world. Localized control efforts, such as removal of larval habitat or pesticide application, can be logistically difficult, expensive and ineffective if not instituted and maintained properly. With these limitations, a population-level approach to the management of Culicoides midges should be investigated as a means to replace or supplement existing control strategies. Next-generation control methods such as Wolbachia- and genetic-based population suppression and replacement are being investigated in several vector species. Here we assess the feasibility and applicability of these approaches for use against biting midges. We also discuss the technical and logistical hurdles needing to be addressed for each method to be successful, as well as emphasize the importance of addressing community engagement and involving stakeholders in the investigation and development of these approaches. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Article number31
JournalParasites and Vectors
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • Culicoides sonorensis
  • IIT
  • Pathogen transmission
  • Population replacement
  • Population suppression
  • SIT
  • Wolbachia


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