New insights into the rapid formation of initial membrane fouling after in-situ cleaning in a membrane bioreactor

Ming Sun, Linlin Yan, Lanhe Zhang, Lianfa Song, Jingbo Guo, Haifeng Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

In-situ chemical cleaning with sodium hypochlorite (NaClO) is often employed for maintaining constant permeability in a membrane bioreactor (MBR). In this study, the effect of NaClO shock on the rapid formation of initial membrane fouling was investigated over the course of the in-situ cleaning of a MBR. Variations of trans-membrane pressure (TMP) in the different runs indicated that the bulk sludge after NaClO-shock promotes the rapid formation of initial membrane fouling. After in-situ cleaning, the sludge had a high protein content in different extracellular polymeric substance layers and a substantial deterioration in sludge filterability compared to raw sludge. Based on the extended Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (XDLVO) theory, NaClO shock significantly changes the surface properties of raw sludge. It reduces the surface electron donor component (γ ) and increases surface hydrophobicity. The sludge after NaClO-shock exhibited a stronger adhesive energy with the membrane and higher self-cohesive ability, resulting in severe membrane fouling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-113
Number of pages6
JournalProcess Biochemistry
Volume78
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Extracellular polymeric substances
  • In-situ membrane cleaning
  • Interactions energy
  • Membrane bioreactor
  • Membrane fouling potential

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