New evidence on size and price-to-book effects in stock returns

Gerald R. Jensen, Robert R. Johnson, Jeffrey M. Mercer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Firm size and price-to-book-value ratio are prominent measures in explaining cross-sectional stock returns. Historically, average returns on shares of small-capitalization firms and low price-to-book firms have exceeded those on large-capitalization firms and high price-to-book firms. Recent evidence also shows that monetary policy developments significantly explain security returns. When we considered the influence on stock returns of the Federal Reserve's policy stance, we found that size and price-to-book effects depend largely on the monetary environment. Specifically, the small-firm and low price-to-book premiums are economically and statistically significant only in expansive monetary policy periods and are small, and in some instances negative, in restrictive policy periods. This evidence suggests that investors should consider the Fed's policy stance when using strategies that rely on size or price-to-book ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-42
Number of pages9
JournalFinancial Analysts Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1997


Dive into the research topics of 'New evidence on size and price-to-book effects in stock returns'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this