In mammals, a number of hypothalamic neuropeptides have been implicated in stress-induced feeding disorders. Recent studies in anurans suggest that stress-related neuropeptides may act on elemental aspects of visuomotor control to regulate feeding. Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone, potent anorexic peptides in mammals, inhibit visually-guided prey-catching in toads. Neuropeptide Y (NPY), an orexic peptide in mammals, may be an important neuromodulator in inhibitory pre-tectal-tectal pathways involved in distinguishing predator and prey. Melanocortin, NPY and CRH neurons project onto key visuomotor structures within the amphibian brain, suggesting physiological roles in the modulation of prey-catching. Thus, neuropeptides involved in feeding behavior in mammals influence the efficacy of a visual stimulus in releasing prey-catching behavior. These neuropeptides may play an important role in how frogs and toads gather and process visual information, particularly during stress.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|State||Published - 2002|
- Corticotropin-releasing hormone
- Melanocortin receptor
- Neuropeptide Y
- Optic tectum