Neighborhood social cohesion, physical disorder, and daily activity limitations among community-dwelling older adults

Weidi Qin, Yi Wang, Seungjong Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction:<br>Although extensive factors have been examined for limitations in activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), it remains unclear as to the impacts of neighborhood-level factors on ADL and IADL limitations. Thus, we aim to examine whether neighborhood characteristics are predictive of limitations in ADL and IADL.<br>Methods:<br>A total of 7,407 participants were selected from the National Health and Aging Trend Study. We used data from round 1 (2011) to round 8 (2018). Neighborhood characteristics were measured as social cohesion and physical disorder. Daily activity limitations were counted based on the domains of ADL and IADL. Mixed-effects negative binomial regression analyses were performed to estimate the effects of neighborhood features on ADL and IADL limitations.<br>Results:<br>Better neighborhood social cohesion significantly predicted less limitations in ADL (incidence rate ratio [IRR] = 0.98, 95% confidence interval [C
Original languageEnglish
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 12 2020

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