Near-term predictors of the intensity of suicidal ideation: An examination of the 24 h prior to a recent suicide attempt

Courtney L. Bagge, Andrew K. Littlefield, Kenneth R. Conner, Julie A. Schumacher, Han Joo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background The extent to which acute exposures such as alcohol use (AU) and negative life events (NLE) are uniquely associated with intensity of suicidal ideation during the hours leading up to a suicide attempt is unknown. The main aim of the current study was to quantify the unique effect of acute exposures on next-hour suicidal ideation when adjusting for previous hour acute exposures and suicidal ideation. An exploratory aim of the current study was to examine the effect of non-alcohol drug use (DU) on suicidal ideation. Methods Participants included 166 (61.0% female) recent suicide attempters presenting to a Level 1 trauma hospital. A timeline follow-back methodology was used to assess acute exposures and intensity of suicidal ideation within the 24 h prior to the suicide attempt. Results Findings indicated that acute AU (b=.20, p<.01) and NLE (b=.58, p<.01) uniquely predicted increases in next-hour suicidal ideation, over and above previous hour suicidal ideation, whereas acute DU did not. Limitations The current studys methodology provides continuous hourly snapshots prior to the suicide attempt, quite close to when it happened, but is retrospective and causality cannot be inferred. Conclusions Understanding that, within a patient, AU and NLE predict near-term increases in suicidal ideation has practical utility impacting providers clinical decision-making, safety concerns, and ultimate determination of level of risk for suicide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-58
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume165
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 20 2014

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Acute risk factors
  • Alcohol
  • Negative life events
  • Substance use
  • Suicide attempt
  • Suicide ideation
  • Warning signs

Cite this