The intermolecular spectra of three imidazolium ionic liquids were studied as a function of temperature by the use of optical heterodyne-detected Raman-induced Kerr effect spectroscopy. The ionic liquids comprise the 1,3-pentylmethylimidazolium cation ([C5mim]-, and the anions, bromide (Br-), hexafluorophosphate (PF6 -), and bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (NTf2 -). Whereas the optical Kerr effect (OKE) spectrum of [C 5mim]NTf2] is temperature-dependent, the OKE spectra of [C5mim]Br and [C5mim]PF6 are temperatureindependent. These results are surprising in light of the fact that the bulk densities of these room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) are temperature-dependent. The temperature independence of the OKE spectra and the temperature dependence of the bulk density in [C5mim]Br and [C 5mim][PF6] suggest that there are inhomogeneities in the densities of these liquids. The existence of density inhomogeneities is consistent with recent molecular dynamics simulations that show RTILs to be nanostructurally organized with nonpolar regions arising from clustering of the alkyl chains and ionic networks arising from charge ordering of the anions and imidazolium rings of the cations. Differences in the temperature dependences of the OKE spectra are rationalized on the basis of the degree of charge ordering in the polar regions of the RTILs.