Nanosecond-scale spectroscopy of vacuum ultraviolet emission from pulsed atmospheric discharges

G. Laity, A. Neuber, A. Fierro, J. Dickens, L. Hatfield

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Abstract

This paper describes a 2nd-generation system for directly studying the emission of vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) light from pulsed dielectric surface flashover at atmospheric pressure. The role of self-produced VUV emission (i.e. energies greater than 7 eV) on photo-ionization processes during the early nanoseconds of pulsed discharges is virtually unexplored, and yet could be a significant factor in the physics of fast breakdown of directed energy systems (such as MW-class high power microwave devices) in the aerospace community. First generation experiments at Texas Tech University have shown that VUV emission corresponding to nitrogen and oxygen excitation in the energy range 8 - 10 eV is easily produced, but the use of MgF 2 optics inhibited future work with existing hardware due to the transmission cutoff of this dielectric material and chromatic aberration if used as a lensing medium. In an effort to enhance the detection capabilities of our hardware in the wavelength range from 115 - 135 nm, the current system utilizes a custom designed set of off-axis parabolic MgF 2-Aluminium coated mirrors as the primary focusing element. High resolution spectroscopy with the upgraded system resulted in the observation of the nitrogen doublet at 149.5 nm, leading to a better fit for the appropriate line broadening parameters for an approximate 10 eV Boltzmann electronic temperature. Evidence of self-absorption for HI (121.5 nm) provides new insight into the generation of space charge in these plasma structures, which has been investigated quantitatively in both SF 6-H 2 and N 2-H 2 mixtures.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE Conference Record - PPC 2011, Pulsed Power Conference 2011
Subtitle of host publicationThe 18th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference
Pages207-211
Number of pages5
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
Event18th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, PPC 2011 - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Jun 19 2011Jun 23 2011

Publication series

NameDigest of Technical Papers-IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference

Conference

Conference18th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, PPC 2011
CountryUnited States
CityChicago, IL
Period06/19/1106/23/11

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Laity, G., Neuber, A., Fierro, A., Dickens, J., & Hatfield, L. (2011). Nanosecond-scale spectroscopy of vacuum ultraviolet emission from pulsed atmospheric discharges. In IEEE Conference Record - PPC 2011, Pulsed Power Conference 2011: The 18th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference (pp. 207-211). [6191416] (Digest of Technical Papers-IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference). https://doi.org/10.1109/PPC.2011.6191416