The impact of nanoconfinement on the crystallization and glass transition behaviors of nifedipine (NIF) has been investigated using differential scanning calorimetry. Nanoconfinement was provided by imbibing the NIF into a porous medium (controlled pore glass, CPG), and results were compared with the unconfined bulk material. Consistent with previous results from the literature, both glass transition temperature T g and melting temperature T m decrease with decreasing pore size. The melting temperature was found to decrease with the reciprocal of pore diameter and could be analyzed with the Gibbs-Thomson equation. In addition, for confinement sizes of 7.5 and 12 nm, it was found that no cold-crystallization occurs upon heating from the glassy state to above the expected melting transition. Finally, at intermediate confinements we find evidence of a possible new, confinement-induced polymorph of NIF.
- amorphous pharmaceutical
- glass transition