In tissue engineering, scaffolds should provide the topological and physical cues as native tissues to guide cell adhesion, growth, migration, and differentiation. Fibrous structure is commonly present in human musculoskeletal tissues, including muscles, tendons, ligaments, and cartilage. Biomimetic fibrous scaffolds are thus critical for musculoskeletal tissue engineering. Electrospinning is a versatile technique for fabricating nanofibers from a variety of biomaterials. However, conventional electrospinning can only generate 2D nanofiber mats. Postprocessing methods are often needed to create 3D electrospun nanofiber scaffolds. In this chapter, we present two novel electrospinning-based scaffold fabrication techniques, which can generate 3D nanofiber scaffolds in one-station process: divergence electrospinning and hybrid 3D printing with parallel electrospinning. These techniques can be applied for engineering tissues with aligned fiber structures.