Musculoskeletal Tissue Engineering Using Fibrous Biomaterials

George Tan, Yingge Zhou, Dilshan Sooriyaarachchi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

In tissue engineering, scaffolds should provide the topological and physical cues as native tissues to guide cell adhesion, growth, migration, and differentiation. Fibrous structure is commonly present in human musculoskeletal tissues, including muscles, tendons, ligaments, and cartilage. Biomimetic fibrous scaffolds are thus critical for musculoskeletal tissue engineering. Electrospinning is a versatile technique for fabricating nanofibers from a variety of biomaterials. However, conventional electrospinning can only generate 2D nanofiber mats. Postprocessing methods are often needed to create 3D electrospun nanofiber scaffolds. In this chapter, we present two novel electrospinning-based scaffold fabrication techniques, which can generate 3D nanofiber scaffolds in one-station process: divergence electrospinning and hybrid 3D printing with parallel electrospinning. These techniques can be applied for engineering tissues with aligned fiber structures.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMethods in Molecular Biology
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Pages31-40
Number of pages10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
Volume2193
ISSN (Print)1064-3745
ISSN (Electronic)1940-6029

Keywords

  • 3D electrospinning
  • Hybrid 3D printing
  • Musculoskeletal tissue engineering
  • Nanofiber scaffold

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