Multiyear Survey of Coccidia, Cryptosporidia, Microsporidia, Histomona, and Hematozoa in Wild Quail in the Rolling Plains Ecoregion of Texas and Oklahoma, USA

Lixin Xiang, Fengguang Guo, Yonglan Yu, Lacy S. Parson, Lloyd LaCoste, Anna Gibson, Steve M. Presley, Markus Peterson, Thomas M. Craig, Dale Rollins, Alan M. Fedynich, Guan Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We developed nested PCR protocols and performed a multiyear survey on the prevalence of several protozoan parasites in wild northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) and scaled quail (Callipepla squamata) in the Rolling Plains ecoregion of Texas and Oklahoma (i.e. fecal pellets, bird intestines and blood smears collected between 2010 and 2013). Coccidia, cryptosporidia, and microsporidia were detected in 46.2%, 11.7%, and 44.0% of the samples (n = 687), whereas histomona and hematozoa were undetected. Coccidia consisted of one major and two minor Eimeria species. Cryptosporidia were represented by a major unknown Cryptosporidium species and Cryptosporidium baileyi. Detected microsporidia species were highly diverse, in which only 11% were native avian parasites including Encephalitozoon hellem and Encephalitozoon cuniculi, whereas 33% were closely related to species from insects (e.g. Antonospora, Liebermannia, and Sporanauta). This survey suggests that coccidia infections are a significant risk factor in the health of wild quail while cryptosporidia and microsporidia may be much less significant than coccidiosis. In addition, the presence of E. hellem and E. cuniculi (known to cause opportunistic infections in humans) suggests that wild quail could serve as a reservoir for human microsporidian pathogens, and individuals with compromised or weakened immunity should probably take precautions while directly handling wild quail.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-17
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Cryptosporidium
  • molecular epidemiology
  • northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)
  • protozoan parasites
  • scaled quail (Callipepla squamata)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Multiyear Survey of Coccidia, Cryptosporidia, Microsporidia, Histomona, and Hematozoa in Wild Quail in the Rolling Plains Ecoregion of Texas and Oklahoma, USA'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Xiang, L., Guo, F., Yu, Y., Parson, L. S., LaCoste, L., Gibson, A., Presley, S. M., Peterson, M., Craig, T. M., Rollins, D., Fedynich, A. M., & Zhu, G. (2017). Multiyear Survey of Coccidia, Cryptosporidia, Microsporidia, Histomona, and Hematozoa in Wild Quail in the Rolling Plains Ecoregion of Texas and Oklahoma, USA. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 64(1), 4-17. https://doi.org/10.1111/jeu.12330