Multiple anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome degrons mediate the degradation of human sgo1

Zemfira Karamysheva, Laura A. Diaz-Martinez, Sara E. Crow, Bing Li, Hongtao Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Shugoshin 1 (Sgo1) protects centromeric sister-chromatid cohesion in early mitosis and, thus, prevents premature sister-chromatid separation. The protein level of Sgo1 is regulated during the cell cycle; it peaks in mitosis and is down-regulated in G 1/S. Here we show that Sgo1 is degraded during the exit from mitosis, and its degradation depends on the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C). Overexpression of Cdh1 reduces the protein levels of ectopically expressed Sgo1 in human cells. Sgo1 is ubiquitinated by APC/C bound to Cdh1 (APC/C Cdh1) in vitro. We have further identified two functional degradation motifs in Sgo1; that is, a KEN (Lys-Glu-Asn) box and a destruction box (D box). Although removal of either motif is not sufficient to stabilize Sgo1, Sgo1 with both KEN box and D box deleted is stable in cells. Surprisingly, mitosis progresses normally in the presence of non-degradable Sgo1, indicating that degradation of Sgo1 is not required for sister-chromatid separation or mitotic exit. Finally, we show that the spindle checkpoint kinase Bub1 contributes to the maintenance of Sgo1 steady-state protein levels in an APC/C- independent mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1772-1780
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume284
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 16 2009

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