Due to low quality of crowdsourced labelers, the integrated label of each example is usually inferred from its multiple noisy labels provided by different labelers. This paper proposes a novel algorithm, Ground Truth Inference using Clustering (GTIC), to improve the quality of integrated labels for multi-class labeling. For a K labeling case, GTIC utilizes the multiple noisy label sets of examples to generate features. Then, it uses a K-Means algorithm to cluster all examples into K different groups, each of which is mapped to a specific class. Examples in the same cluster are assigned a corresponding class label. We compare GTIC with four existing multi-class ground truth inference algorithms, majority voting (MV), Dawid & Skene's (DS), ZenCrowd (ZC) and Spectral DS (SDS), on one synthetic and eight real-world datasets. Experimental results show that the performance of GTIC is significantly superior to the others in terms of both accuracy and M-AUC. Besides, the running time of GTIC is about twenty times faster than EM-based complicated inference algorithms.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2016|
- EM algorithm
- ground truth inference
- multi-class labeling