Mother-father-child triadic interaction and mother-child dyadic interaction: Gender differences within and between contexts

Eric W. Lindsey, Yvonne M. Caldera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Differences in mother and father behavior during a triadic interaction session, and differences in mothers' behavior across triadic and dyadic interaction, were examined in 60 two-parent families with an 11- to 15-month-old child (30 boys, 30 girls). Results revealed that mothers were less involved, less sensitive, and more negative during triadic than during dyadic interaction. Mothers of sons displayed more emotion during triadic interaction than mothers of daughters did. Mothers were more involved with children than fathers were during triadic interaction, whereas fathers displayed more emotion than mothers did during triadic interaction. Fathers were more supportive of mothers, and mothers were more intrusive toward fathers, during triadic interaction. The results are discussed in terms of the role that context plays in gender-typed patterns of family interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-521
Number of pages11
JournalSex Roles
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - Oct 1 2006



  • Gender socialization
  • Gender-typed parenting
  • Mother-child
  • Parent-child triad

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