Monitoring the formation of self-assembled monolayers of alkanedithiols using a micromechanical cantilever sensor

Swapnil Kohale, Sara M. Molina, Brandon L. Weeks, Rajesh Khare, Louisa J. Hope-Weeks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using a micromechanical cantilever device, the surface stress induced during the growth of alkanedithiol (HS(CH2)nSH) monolayers on gold in solution is continuously monitored and reported. Adsorption of alkanedithiols of varying chain lengths is observed and compared to each other, as well as to the adsorption of hydroxyalkanethiols (HS(CH2) nOH) and alkanethiols (HS(CH2)nCH3). The results have revealed a significant change in surface stress on the basis of the chain length of the alkanedithiol. The long-chain (n > 10) alkanedithiol adsorption imposes a tensile stress on the gold-coated surface of the cantilever rather than the compressive stress exhibited by both alkanethiols and short-chain dithiols. Our results suggest a phenomenon in which the two thiols of the alkanedithiol adsorb onto the gold surface forming a loop inducing a tensile stress on the cantilever for long chain lengths. This study shows that micromechanical cantilever sensors can be very valuable tools in the exploration and characterization of self-assembled monolayers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1258-1263
Number of pages6
JournalLangmuir
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 30 2007

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