The structure and size of molybdenum nitride nanoparticles were investigated using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Typical sizes of the particles were between 3 and 5 nm and they were mostly clustered together. High-resolution lattice imaging shows that the particles are single crystalline in nature and defect free. Two different phases of molybdenum nitride, γ-Mo2N (cubic) and δ-MoN (hexagonal) were identified. In addition, body centered cubic molybdenum phase was also present. It is anticipated that molybdenum is formed because of insufficient N2 supply or slow reaction rate. A mixture of γ-Mo2N and δ-MoN suggests the existence of a temperature gradient in the chamber leading to formation of γ-Mo2N at lower temperature (500 to 700 °C) and δ-MoN at higher temperature (850 °C).
- Crystal structure
- High-resolution electron microscopy
- Molybdenum nitride nanoparticles
- dc arc charge system