Molecular identification of potential intermediate hosts of Aulonocephalus pennula from the order Orthoptera

C. Henry, M. Z. Brym, A. Kalyanasundaram, R. J. Kendall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aulonocephalus pennula is a heteroxenous nematode that commonly infects a declining game bird, the northern bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus). There is a lack of information on the life cycle of A. pennula and the potential effects of infection on bobwhites. In order to better understand the life cycle of this parasite, various species from the order Orthoptera were collected from a field site in Mitchell County, Texas. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), nine potential intermediate hosts were identified from the 35 orthopteran species collected. Later, ten live specimens were collected to identify larvae within the potential intermediate hosts. Larvae were present in three of these and were sent for sequencing. Similarly, the presence of larvae was confirmed from extra tissues of samples identified as positive with PCR. This was the first study to document potential intermediate hosts, but future studies are needed to confirm that these species are capable of transmitting infection to bobwhite. However, this study demonstrates that PCR has increased sensitivity and may be a valuable tool when determining intermediate hosts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-171
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Helminthology
Volume93
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

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