Molecular Dynamics Simulation of the Excited-State Proton Transfer Mechanism in 3-Hydroxyflavone Using Explicit Hydration Models

Yingchao Li, Farhan Siddique, Adélia J.A. Aquino, Hans Lischka

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

3-Hydroxyflavon (3-HF) represents an interesting paradigmatic compound to study excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) and intermolecular (ESInterPT) processes to explain the experimentally observed dual fluorescence in solvents containing protic contamination (water) as opposed to single fluorescence in highly purified nonpolar solvents. In this work, adiabatic on-the-fly molecular dynamics simulations have been performed for isolated 3-HF in an aqueous solution using a polarizable continuum model and including explicit water molecules to represent adequately hydrogen bonding. For the calculation of the excited state, time-dependent density functional theory and the Becke-3-Lee-Yang-Parr (B3LYP) functional have been used. For the isolated 3-HF, ultrafast ESIPT from the enol group to the neighboring keto group has been observed. The calculated PT time of 48 fs agrees well with the experimental value of 39 fs. Addition of one water molecule quenches this ESIPT process but shows an intermolecular concerted or stepwise tautomerization process via the bridging water molecule. Adding a second or more water molecules inhibits this ESInterPT process to a large degree. Most of the trajectories do not show any PT, preserving the initial excited-state enol structure, which is the origin of the violet-blue fluorescence appearing in the solvents contaminated with protic components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5765-5778
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume125
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 8 2021

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