Modeling the asymmetry in traffic flow (b): Macroscopic approach

Hongchao Liu, Hao Xu, Huaxin Gong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


In [H. Xu, H. Liu, H. Gong, Modeling the asymmetry in traffic flow (a): microscopic approach, J. Appl. Math. Model. (submitted for publication)], the asymmetric characteristic of traffic flow has been studied from a microscopic approach through the modeling of car-following behavior. This paper further discusses the asymmetric traffic flow modeling at the macroscopic scale. The microscopic asymmetric full velocity difference model is extended to a continuum traffic flow model to study the anisotropic characteristic and diffusive influence under various traffic conditions. In order to accurately solve the mathematical problem, a weighted essentially no-oscillatory (WENO) approach is applied. The performance of the model is then demonstrated through thorough evaluation against select classic models and field data. The macroscopic model is the first of its kind that is directly developed from an asymmetric car-following approach. The results show that the model is able to present many complex traffic phenomena observed in the field such as shock waves, rarefaction waves, stop-and-go waves and local cluster effects at a better level of accuracy than most of the existing models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9441-9450
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Mathematical Modelling
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 15 2013


  • Anisotropic
  • Asymmetric car-following
  • Continuum flow
  • Weighted essentially no-oscillatory


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