Modeling Phase Equilibrium of Common Sugars Glucose, Fructose, and Sucrose in Mixed Solvents

Benjamin Caudle, Maria C. Vieira, Maximilian B. Gorensek, Chau Chyun Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The industrial processing of sugars and sugar-containing mixtures is gaining widespread use as a form of renewable manufacturing from biomass. To aid in process modeling for design and optimization, a commonly available thermodynamic model is needed that describes the phase equilibrium of these compounds. This work compiles and compares models for solid-liquid and vapor-liquid phase equilibrium from the available data for the representative sugars glucose, fructose, and sucrose in the representative solvents water, methanol, and ethanol, including data for multisugar, multisolvent systems. The nonrandom two-liquid (NRTL) model was chosen for these systems because of its widespread use in industry and the availability of parameters for many solvents and cosolutes. The association-NRTL (aNRTL) model was investigated as an improvement for modeling sugars, which may experience a high degree of association because of their many hydroxy groups. Both models accurately capture the data and are able to predict the behavior of multisugar systems with only solute-solvent interaction parameters. The aNRTL model shows an improvement over the baseline NRTL model that is most significant for sucrose, the component with the highest association strength, and least significant for fructose, which has the lowest association strength.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4193-4205
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Chemical and Engineering Data
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 11 2021


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