Modeling of power supplies for power modulators with LTspice

Michael Giesselmann, Vishwajit Roy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper is showing simulations of power supplies for repetitive power modulators using LTspice. We are presenting power supplies with single-phase and three-phase AC input and the effects of the rectifier stages on AC input current waveforms in both cases. We are also presenting the resulting power factor including circuits for electronic power factor correction. LTspice models for electronic power factor correction using cycle-by-cycle switching as well as time-averaged models are presented. The time-averaged models replace the PWM (pulse width nodulation) switch with a transformer model with variable duty cycle. They are valid for a range of DC-DC converters. We are extending the time-averaged model for operation in continuous (CCM) and discontinuous (DCM) conduction mode and presenting results that show the fidelity of these models by comparison to cycle-by-cycle results. We are providing the detailed mathematical derivation for the DCM model expansion in the appendix. Time-averaged models do not have to keep track of thousands of steep switching transitions and can run orders of magnitude faster than cycle-by-cycle switch-mode models. Results using the time-averaged model are presented for a power supply with primary (wave-shaping) and cascaded secondary feedback control that regulates the output voltage of the converter.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8662233
Pages (from-to)508-514
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2019


  • circuit simulation
  • feedback control
  • power electronics
  • power factor correction
  • time averaged models


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