The fundamental thermodynamic equations developed for aqueous electrolyte systems provide a springboard for modeling the more-complex and less-understood mixed-solvent electrolytes. Examples of mixed-solvent electrolyte systems that contain a solvent in addition to, or instead of, water include extractive distillation for anhydrous alcohol production, which uses salts to break water-alcohol azeotropes and nitration processes that employ concentrated sulfuric acid to dehydrate and regenerate nitric acid solutions. Regardless of whether the electrolyte system is aqueous or mixed-solvent, the fundamentals of thermodynamic modeling remain the same.
|Specialist publication||Chemical Engineering Progress|
|State||Published - Feb 2016|