Dissociation of ionic liquids (ILs) is critical to electrochemical process performance by affecting ionic conductivity. Prior studies of thermodynamic modeling either assumed no dissociation or complete dissociation that were not consistent with experimental observations. This work presented an eNRTL model for three aqueous imidazolium-based IL systems: [Emim][EtSO4], [Emim][TFA], and [Emim][TfO]. The model accurately correlates the IL dissociation and VLE data in the entire concentration range from pure IL to infinite dilution aqueous solution. The system non-ideality is dominated by the dissociation chemistry. Dissociation behavior is driven by strong short-range interaction of the molecular IL-water pair relative to the dissociated IL-water pair, consistent with prior studies indicating that molecular IL and water can form an energetically favorable complex. The interaction energy parameters calculated in this work qualitatively agrees with the hydrogen bonding ability of the anions previously reported. This work not only provides a model that well describes the IL dissociation but also demonstrates the physical significance of eNRTL model.
- Activity coefficient model
- Imidazolium-based ionic liquids