Modeling defluoridation of real-life groundwater by a green adsorbent aluminum/olivine composite: Isotherm, kinetics, thermodynamics and novel framework based on artificial neural network and support vector machine

Saswata Sahu, Manoj Kumar Yadav, Ashok Kumar Gupta, Venkatesh Uddameri, Ashish Navneet Toppo, Bellum Maheedhar, Partha Sarathi Ghosal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The kinetic, isotherm, and thermodynamics of adsorptive removal of fluoride from the real-life groundwater was evaluated to assess the applicability of a green adsorbent, aluminum/olivine composite (AOC). The isotherm and kinetics were demonstrated by the Freundlich and Elovich model indicating significant surface heterogeneity of AOC in favouring the fluoride sorption. The fluoride removal efficiency of AOC was achieved as 87.5% after 240 min of contact time. The diffusion kinetic model exhibited that both the intra-particle and film diffusion together control the rate-limiting step of fluoride adsorption. A negative value of ΔG0 (−19.919 kJ/mol) at 303 K confirmed the spontaneous adsorption reaction of fluoride, and its endothermic nature was supported by the negative value of ΔH0 (39.504 kJ/mol). A novel framework for a predictive model by artificial neural network (ANN), and support vector machine (SVM) considering the real and synthetic fluoride-containing water was developed to assess the efficiency of adsorbent under different scenarios. ANN model was observed to be statistically significant (RMSE: 1.0955 and R2: 0.9982) and the proposed method may be instrumental in a similar area for benchmarking the synthetic and real-life samples. The low desorption potential of the spent adsorbent exhibited safe disposal of sludge and the secondary-pollutant-free treated water by the efficient and green adsorbent AOC enhanced the field-scale applicability of the green technology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113965
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume302
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2022

Keywords

  • Artificial neural network
  • Fluoride adsorption
  • Prediction model
  • Real-life groundwater
  • Support vector machine

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