Model of a Contact Lens and Tear Layer at Static Equilibrium

Bhagya Athukorallage, Ram Iyer

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

In this paper, we study the static stability of a spherical cap lens and a tear layer. The contact angle of the tear meniscus with the cornea and contact lens may have a range of values due to capillary effect hysteresis. As the lens is in static equilibrium all the forces and moments sum to zero. Capillary effect hysteresis is found to be a beneficial effect aiding the stability of the lens. The forces acting on the lens are its weight, force due to hydrostatic and atmospheric pressures and surface tension on the periphery of the lens due to the tear meniscus. The fixed parameters in the model are weight of the lens, coefficient of surface tension, magnitude of gravitational acceleration, density of the tear liquid and physical parameters of the lens such as the diameter and base curve radius. The adjustable parameters in the model are contact angles of the tear meniscus with the cornea and contact lens respectively and the position of the lens on the cornea. Numerical experiments su
Original languageEnglish
StatePublished - Jun 2013

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